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Saudi Arabia Architecture: Famous Landmarks and Buildings

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Time: July 10, 2018

List of the famous landmarks that make up the Saudi Arabia skyline, listed alphabetically with photos when available. Saudi Arabia architectural landmarks as well as other major buildings, dwellings, and other structures in Saudi Arabia are included on this list. Information about these Saudi Arabia buildings is included on this list, such as when the building first opened and what architectural style it falls under. List includes both new buildings in Saudi Arabia and older historic landmarks.

A list made up of buildings like Masjid al-Haram and King Saud Mosque.

This list answers the question, “What are the most famous buildings in Saudi Arabia?”

This is a good reference for research into the historical architecture in Saudi Arabia. Famous architectural houses within the city of Saudi Arabia are included as well, sometimes by address, other times listed by the name of the original home owner.

Abraj Al Bait is listed (or ranked) 1 on the list Saudi Arabia Architecture: Famous Landmarks and Buildings
Photo: Freebase/Public domain

The Abraj Al-Bait Towers, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, is a government-owned megatall building complex in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. These towers are a part of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project that strives to modernize the city in catering to its pilgrims. The central hotel building has the world’s largest clock face and is the third tallest building and fourth tallest freestanding structure in the world. The building complex is metres away from the world’s second largest mosque and Islam’s most sacred site, the Masjid al-Haram. The developer and contractor of the complex is the Saudi Binladin Group, the Kingdom’s largest construction company. The complex was built after …more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Mecca, Saudi Arabia

Opened: Jan 01 2012

Structural Height (m): 601.0

Floors: 85

see more on Abraj Al Bait

Al Faisaliyah Center is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list Saudi Arabia Architecture: Famous Landmarks and Buildings
Photo: Freebase/CC-BY-2.5

The Al Faisaliyah Centre is a commercial skyscraper located in the business district of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It is the third tallest building in Saudi Arabia after the Kingdom Centre and Abraj Al Bait. It is also called Star Dome. …more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Opened: Jan 01 2000

Structural Height (m): 267.0

Floors: 30

see more on Al Faisaliyah Center

Al Rajhi Tower is a $500 million USD tower currently proposed for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Designs for the sail-shaped tower have been drawn up by architects at Atkins. The tower is being built on behalf of the Al Rajhi family and will be used for commercial purposes. The family, considered by most in Saudi Arabia, as the country’s wealthiest non-royals, is among the world’s leading philanthropists. Plans have also been approved for the construction of a new tower to accommodate the Al Rajhi Bank’s headquarters in Riyadh, designs for which have been drawn by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, the architects behind Burj Khalifa. Saudi Arabia’s current tallest building is the 601 m Abraj Al Bait Hotel …more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Arabian Peninsula, Middle East

Structural Height (m): 390.0

Floors: 94

Created By: Skidmore, Owings and Merrill

see more on Al Rajhi Tower

Photo: Freebase/Public domain
Al Subeaei Tower Complex is listed (or ranked) 4 on the list Saudi Arabia Architecture: Famous Landmarks and Buildings

4.Al Subeaei Tower Complex

Al Subeaei Tower Complex is a skyscraper located in Khobar, Saudi Arabia. …more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Khobar, Saudi Arabia, Arabian Peninsula, Middle East

Opened: Jan 01 2004

Floors: 16

Burj Al Anoud is listed (or ranked) 5 on the list Saudi Arabia Architecture: Famous Landmarks and Buildings
Photo: Freebase/Public domain

Anoud Tower is a skyscraper in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It was completed in 2005. At 155 m high, it is a major commercial building on King Fahd road. It contains 20 floors with 3 basement levels. There are plans to build a similar tower alongside it. The tower is owned by Princess Al-Anoud Foundation and moderated by several Saudi Arabian companies including Al-Inma Bank Head Office & Novotel Hotels.more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Opened: Jan 01 2005

Floors: 23

see more on Burj Al Anoud

Embassy and Chancery building on Riyadh.more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Arabian Peninsula, Middle East

Opened: Jan 01 1990

Created By: Guy Naizot

see more on French Embassy, Riyadh

Pilgrim shelter covering 105 acres, to accommodate 950,000 pilgrims at a time at Jeddah Airport. Wiiner of AIA Honor Award, and the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1983, The roof is a tensile canvas structure.more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Opened: Jan 01 1982

Created By: Gordon Wildermuth, Raul de Armas

see more on Haj Terminal and Support Complex

8.Hugayat Tower

The Hugayat Tower is a skyscraper located in the city of Khobar, Saudi Arabia. It is located on King Abdul Aziz Road in a growing business district. At 133 meters high, it is a major commercial building in Khobar. It contains 36 floors including the basement levels. It was completed in 2007 and the total cost of the project was US$100 million.more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Saudi Arabia

Opened: Jan 01 2007

His Majesty King Saud Mosque is the largest mosque in the city of Jeddah and is located in Jeddah’s Al-Sharafeyyah District. The Mosque was designed by Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil and was finished in 1987. It is mainly build of brick and covers an area of 9700 m² with the prayer hall alone covering 2464 m². The largest dome has a span of 20 meters and reaches a height of 42 meters. The Minaret reaches a height of 60 meters.more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Saudi Arabia

Opened: Jan 01 1987

Architect: Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil

Created By: Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil

see more on King Saud Mosque

Kingdom Centre is listed (or ranked) 10 on the list Saudi Arabia Architecture: Famous Landmarks and Buildings
Photo: Freebase/GNU Free Documentation License

Kingdom Centre, is a 65-storey, 302.3 m skyscraper in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It is the third tallest skyscraper in the country after the Abraj Al Bait Towers and the Burj Rafal, and is the world’s third tallest building with a hole after the Shanghai World Financial Center and Tuntex Sky Tower. Besides the shopping mall, Kingdom Tower contains the Four Seasons Hotel Riyadh and apartments. There is a 56 m skybridge atop the skyscraper. The building is situated on 100,000 square metres site with carparking for 3,000 vehicles. The upper third of the tower features an inverted parabolic arch. The building utilises butt jointed glazing combined with the lack of both distinguished floor lines and o…more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Opened: Jan 01 2002

Structural Height (m): 302.33

Floors: 41

Architect: Scott Berry

Architecture Firm: Ellerbe Becket

Created By: Scott Berry

see more on Kingdom Centre

Lamar Towers is listed (or ranked) 11 on the list Saudi Arabia Architecture: Famous Landmarks and Buildings
Photo: Freebase/Public domain

Lamar Towers are a pair of skyscrapers currently under construction in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Located on Jeddah Corniche, Tower 1 will be 321.6 m tall with 72 floors above ground, and Tower 2 will be 292.66 m tall with 62 floors above ground. The proposal for the project was submitted by Cayan in 2008 and was approved in the same year. Construction began in 2008 and, when completed in 2016, Tower 1 will be the tallest building in Jeddah, till date, surpassing the recently completed National Commercial Bank. The development is expected to cost about $600 million. The tower was designed by Saudi Diyar Consultants. The Construction Management Service is by MIDRAR. The Lamar company i…more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Saudi Arabia, Arabian Peninsula, Middle East, Asia, Earth, + more

Opened: Jan 01 2010

Structural Height (m): 350.0

Floors: 73

see more on Lamar Towers

Masjid al-Haram is listed (or ranked) 12 on the list Saudi Arabia Architecture: Famous Landmarks and Buildings
Photo: Freebase/Public domain

Al-Masjid al-Ḥarām is the largest mosque in the world and surrounds Islam’s holiest place, the Kaaba, in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Muslims face in the direction of the Kaaba while performing obligatory daily prayers. One of the Five Pillars of Islam requires every Muslim to perform the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in his or her lifetime if able to do so, including circumambulation of the Kaaba. The current structure covers an area of 356,800 square metres including the outdoor and indoor praying spaces and can accommodate up to two million worshippers during the Hajj period, one of the largest annual gatherings of people in the world. Unlike many other mosques which are segregated, m…more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Saudi Arabia

Opened: Jan 01 0638

Structural Height (m): 89.0

see more on Masjid al-Haram

Kingdom Tower, previously known as Mile-High Tower, also known as the Mile High Tower, is a skyscraper currently under construction in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, at a preliminary cost of SR4.6 billion. It will be the centrepiece and first phase of a SR75 billion proposed development known as Kingdom City that will be located along the Red Sea on the north side of Jeddah. If completed as planned, the tower will reach unprecedented heights, becoming the tallest building in the world, as well as the first structure to reach the one-kilometre-high mark. The tower was initially planned to be 1.6 kilometres high; however, the geology of the area proved unsuitable for a tower of that height. The design,…more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Jeddah, Arabian Peninsula, Asia, Middle East, Earth, + more

Opened: Jan 01 2016

Floors: 200

Architecture Firm: Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture

Created By: Adrian Smith

see more on Kingdom Tower

14.MUNA Bulk Reservoir No.1 Roof Structure

The 1 million cubic meter circular reservoir is 365m in diameter and has one of the largest cable-stayed concrete shell roofs in the world and provides a secondary source of water for the millions of pilgrims performing the annual Hajj to Makkah.more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Arabian Peninsula, Middle East

 

15.Saudi Investment Bank Tower

Saudi Investment Bank Tower is a supertall skyscraper located in the city of Khobar, Saudi Arabia. It is located on King Abdul Aziz Road in the growing business district of Tahila in Khobar. It is the second tallest building in Khobar, after Hugayat Tower. It is approximately 88 m high, and contains 18 floors including the basement levels. It was constructed in 1998, and the total cost of the project was US$75 million. As there is no skyscraper around it, it creates a silhouetted skyline in the evening.more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Saudi Arabia, Arabian Peninsula, Middle East, Asia, Earth, + more

Opened: Jan 01 1998

Floors: 18

16.Tuwaiq Palace

Tuwaiq Palace or Towaiq Palace is a building in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, which hosts government functions, state receptions, and cultural festivals that introduce Saudi arts and customs to the international community, and vice versa. It was built in 1985 by OHO Joint Venture, made up of Frei Otto and Buro Happold. Buro Happold won the Aga Khan Award for Architecture for the design in 1998.more on Wikipedia

City/Town: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Arabian Peninsula, Middle East

Created By: Frei Otto

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